The Sokko: exploring ethnic possibilities. Roots the Dutch version *** Op zoek naar Afrikaanse roots via DNA & genealogisch en historisch onderzoek.
DNA Test Options, Indigenous African Results and More
DNAtestedafricans.org for further information. DNAtestedafricans.org is not a testing company and does not suggest any of the companies listed in this article. We offer a connection to purchase DNA kits, but it is your decision based on what you want to test for ancestry. The top three testing companies based on company reputation, services offered, testing methods, software grade, research and scientific evidence, CLIA and FDA compliance (US based) customer reviews, price, customer service and return policy.
#1. CRI Genetics (Cellular Research Institute)
#2. Family Tree DNA
#3 Living DNA Your Ancestry
for further reading go to http://www.geneticsdigest.com/best_ancestry_genealogy_dna_test
DNA Test can be done at 12, 25, 37, 67 or 111 markers. I recommend the 67-marker test, it gives you the best results for your money.
For more information or questions contact: DNAtestedafricans.org or africanamericangenealogydna.com
August 28, 2017
African Greetings Family!
We hope you are all doing well. Let’s start with a video of brother Saad Tafida. He is an Indigenous African that tested to learn about his ancestry and to find his family in the Diaspora. He is Fulani. (He will tell you more about that on the video so we don’t want to spoil it).
As it turns out, he is my eldest daughter’s DNA match. She is able to watch these videos and learn more about a line of her culture and for that, we thank Saad tremendously! We need more like him to share and explore with us.
Here are his results
He then downloaded his DNA raw data from the website that he tested with. Then he uploaded to Gedmatch.com He speaks about that in his video. He found more relatives that NEVER knew their ancestry.
He uploaded the DNA Raw data to a few websites to find more family. Click here to see how to do it. https://www.dnatestedafricans.org/single-post/2017/07/13/Finding-More-DNA-Cousins-for-FREE
BE ENCOURAGED!! More Indigenous Africans are testing and are looking for us as well too!!
Now, here is some info on the current sale prices for a few major DNA testing companies. You can click on each image to go to the website. So now, let’s talk about the tests.
Everyone has asked, how do I get started on my DNA testing journey. This is a great place to start. Save this note because it is very useful to return to in the future.. Please read below.
We are NOT a DNA testing company. We do NOT sell DNA tests or profit from the sales of any tests. You must purchase the DNA test on your own. We simply explain what is available for YOU to research and determine what works for you. The information is provided by those of us that have DNA tested with EACH of the companies listed below.
We are a community of Volunteers focused on the ACRO concept. ACRO means African Culture and Reconciliation Organization. We coordinate cultural reception and integration via language classes, naming ceremonies and other enriching events after you have received your results.
We facilitate reconciliation of the DNA Tested African Diaspora and their African ethnic groups of ancestry. We provide you with 3rd party tools for YOU to research so you can determine which DNA Testing company and /or 3rd party tools for family tree building are most useful to you. We provide helpful templates for initial communications with your DNA matches as well as methods on how to get the most out of your test results.
Here is a good starting point to Research your AtDNA, MtDNA and the male YDNA. Please see the chart below.
Green is the autosomal DNA that can be tested by Ancestry, FTDNA Myheritage, and 23andme (they also provide DNA matches)
Blue is the YDNA that can be tested by FTDNA’s YDNA test (they provide DNA matches) and African Ancestry (they do NOT provide DNA matches)
Red is the MtDNA that can be tested by FTDNA’s Mt DNA test (they provide DNA matches) and African Ancestry (they do NOT provide DNA matches)
“The information …..is meant to provide a very simple explanation of your Y-DNA and MtDNA Ancestry used for genealogical purposes. Scientists estimate that the total amount of Y-DNA of a man is less than 1% and the total amount of MtDNA in either a man or a woman is less than 1%. It is important to understand that after taking a Y-DNA and an MtDNA test, the majority of everyone’s DNA remains untested and it is called Autosomal DNA, with another 5% of a female’s DNA or 2 1/2% of a male’s DNA being x-chromosomal DNA. In a man this would mean roughly 95.5% of his DNA is Autosomal and in a woman that figure would be roughly 94%. “
Click here or copy and paste ~~ > https://phillipsdnaproject.com/faq-… ~~
UPDATE: We have been advised that African Ancestry does not do the Admix test anymore. Please check with their website to confirm.
Subscribe at www.dnatestedafricans.org
1. http://www.ancestry.com/ $79 Autosomal test ( saliva ) that analyses DNA from all of the contributors of your DNA. Both males and females can take this test. They test 700,000 markers !! Your DNA is tested 40 times and they provide you with percentages of your ancestry and a list of DNA matches that you can contact. You can research with those DNA matches to determine if they match on your mother’s side or your father’s side of the family. The DNA kit is mailed to you, you provide a small sample of saliva and follow the instructions to activate the kit. It takes about 6 to 8 weeks to receive a email from ancestry notifying you that your results are in. Sign into your ancestry account and explore your results.
You can download your DNA raw data from ancestry and upload it to Gedmatch.com ( https://www.gedmatch.com/login1.php ) for FREE to find more DNA matches. This is a website that allows us that have tested at FTDNA.com, 23andme.com, Wegene.com, and Ancestry.com , to upload there to find more family. And yes! It is FREE.
You can also upload your DNA raw data to https://www.familytreedna.com/ for FREE.
Limitations of Ancestry: This test will not tell you the African ethnic groups that you share ancestry with. However, you may find African DNA matches that can tell you their ethnic group(s) and where they come from. Also when you upload to Gedmatch, you may find African matches that have also uploaded there.
Ancestry.com Results of an African American
2. https://www.23andme.com/ $99 Autosomal test ( saliva ) that analyses DNA from all of the contributors of your DNA. Both males and females can take this test. They provide you with percentages of your ancestry and a list of DNA matches that you can contact. You can research with those DNA matches to determine if they match on your mother’s side or your father’s side of the family. The DNA kit is mailed to you, you provide a small sample of saliva and follow the instructions to activate the kit. Check with 23andme to determine the current wait time for their test results. Once you receive the email that your results are in, sign into your 23andme account and explore your results.
Advantage: Over 4 million people around the world have DNA tested. If you match them, you will see them in your DNA match list when you sign into your account. You can download your DNA raw data from 23andme and upload it to Gedmatch.com (https://www.gedmatch.com/login1.php ) for FREE to find more DNA matches. This is a website that allows us that have tested at FTDNA.com, 23andme.com, Wegene.com, and Ancestry.com , to upload there to find more family. And yes! It is FREE.
You can also upload your DNA raw data to https://www.familytreedna.com/ for FREE.
Limitations of 23andme: This test will not tell you the African ethnic groups that you share ancestry with. However, you may find African DNA matches that can tell you their ethnic group(s) and where they come from. Also when you upload to Gedmatch, you may find African matches that have also uploaded there.
YOU research, YOU decide
3. https://www.familytreedna.com/ Starting at $79 for the family finder test. ( cheek swab ) **If you already DNA tested at ancestry.com or 23andme.com , please go to FTDNA and upload your DNA raw data from those sites to this one for FREE. It will SAVE you the cost of $99. FTDNA’s Autosomal DNA test is $99. (Keep in mine that your autosomal DNA is 50 % from your father and 50% from your mother)
They also have Mtdna tests for your Direct maternal line and YDNA tests for your direct paternal line. Only males can take the YDNA test. See the website for prices on their MtDNA and YDNA tests.
Regarding their Autosomal DNA test, they provide you with percentages of your ancestry and a list of DNA matches that you can contact. You can research with those DNA matches to determine if they match on your mother’s side or your father’s side of the family. The DNA kit is mailed to you, you provide a small sample of saliva and follow the instructions to activate the kit. Check with FTDNA to determine the current wait time for their test results. Once you receive the email that your results are in, sign into your FTDNA account and explore your results. You can download your DNA raw data from FTDNA and upload it to Gedmatch.com ( https://www.gedmatch.com/login1.php ) for FREE to find more DNA matches. You can download your DNA raw data from FTDNA and upload it to Gedmatch.com ( https://www.gedmatch.com/login1.php ) for FREE to find more DNA matches. This is a website that allows us that have tested at FTDNA.com, Myheritage.com , 23andme.com, Wegene.com, and Ancestry.com , to upload there to find more family. And yes! It is FREE.
Limitations for FTDNA: Their African database is LOW so you may not have very many matches. If you have a higher percentage of NON- African DNA, you may have a lot of DNA matches.
4. Visit www.MyHeritage.com to see if their company is for you. Starting at $89 (often times on sale for around $69) . Their AtDNA (autosomal) is a (cheek swab) test. The Autosomal DNA test, provides you with percentages of your ancestry and a list of DNA matches (actual relatives) that you can contact. You can research with those DNA matches to determine if they match on your mother’s side or your father’s side of the family. The DNA kit is mailed to you, you provide a small sample of saliva and follow the instructions to activate the kit. (Keep in mine that your autosomal DNA is 50 % from your father and 50% from your mother)
Advantage: This website accepts DNA raw data from ancestry.com , FTDNA.com and 23andme.com. So if you already tested with these other companies, you only need to upload the data. If you test with this company, you can download your DNA raw data from MyHeritage and upload it to Gedmatch.com ( https://www.gedmatch.com/login1.php ) for FREE to find more DNA matches. This is a website that allows us that have tested at FTDNA.com, Myheritage.com , 23andme.com, Wegene.com, and Ancestry.com , to upload there to find more family. And yes! It is FREE.
Limitations: The DNA match database is still growing so you may not have a lot of matches (cousins) on Myheritage. However, uploading the DNA raw data to www.Gedmatch.com will surely give you more DNA matches.
5. Visit http://africanancestry.com/home/ to see if their company is for you. Starting at $200. Their MtDNA test about 8 markers of the HVR1 region. I would not recommend this company as a first choice at this point but it may be good after you have found that you have an African haplogroup with another company like FTDNA. This is a cheek swab test
Advantage: If you took the YDNA test or MTDNA test with FTDNA and found that you have an African haplogroup, you may consider contacting them and paying around $200 to receive a certificate stating what African ethnic group(s) you share ancestry with. Their MtDNA and YDNA test starts at $285. ** About 35% of African Americans do NOT have African Mtdna line or YDNA line. See their website for details. Make an INFORMED decision.
Limitations of African Ancestry: They are the most costly DNA testing company for their YDNA, MtDNA test, and Autosomal. They do not test as many DNA markers as the other companies. The DNA raw data cannot be uploaded to any other website. They do not provide any DNA matches. If your test reveals your MtDNA line or your YDNA line is not African, you will not be able to find African relatives or African ethnic groups through them. You will need to test with one of the above companies. Source: http://shop.africanancestry.com/Mat… and http://shop.africanancestry.com/Pat… .
This test will not tell you that you are 100% of anything. It will not provide ANY percentages of your ethnicity. The percentages that they provide is a sequence similarity score. They test LESS than 1% of your DNA. The Cofounder can explain this to you.
AfricanAncestry.com Certificate Example
Make an INFORMED decision.
Please visit the website for each DNA test, research it and determine which company works for YOU!!
Note: All images belong to their perspective companies. This is for educational purposes to encourage research in order to make an informed decision about DNA testing.
Originally posted : https://www.facebook.com/notes/dna-tested-african-descendants/getting-started-dna-testing-options/1540241299613571/
A Royal Family Voyage
July 16, 2017
DNA Tested African Descendants will be taking our 1st Family Reunion Cruise on 6 May 2018 departing from Orlando, Florida. If you would like to join us as we meet and reconnect, please register. Bring the family with you!! We are going to have lots of fun!
This is the first of many journeys that we will be taking. It is ONLY just the beginning! Keep DNA testing your family and finding more relatives.
ALL Are Invited! Bring your church, your greek, your Masonic, your organization, your family, and friends! All are welcome!
There are so many things to do on the ship that is a part of the cruise itself, it’s just amazing!
Additionally, we will also conduct the following:
African Naming Ceremony
Healing and Blessing Ceremony on the ship
Healing Circle at the ports
Mini Genealogy, Gedmatch and DNA Class
Meet and Greet DNA Cousins
To request more details, click this link https://tinyurl.com/DNA-CousinsCruise2018.
23andMe DNA Test Kit – Click on image to purchase
Family Tree DNA Test Kit – click on image to purchase
Autosomal DNA Segment Analyzer (ADSA)
GEDMATCH Quick Start Guide
ICW means In-Common-With were ever used
To use GEDMATCH with ADSA you must be a Tier 1 GEDMATCH member. That means you must have, at some time, donated at least $10 to GEDMATCH. The GEDMATCH upload process for DNAgedcom.com depends on two Tier 1 tools: Matching Segment Search and Triangulation which you cannot access unless you are a Tier 1 member. And, of course, you must have loaded your raw data to GEDMATCH previously so that it has been tokenized and batch processing is completed.
Some other things to be aware of:
Certain fields that are available for Family Tree DNA kits are not presently available for GEDMATCH. These include:
Total Shared cM
Longest Block cM
So, this means that using these for sorting, selection, highlighting or display purposes may not have the results you wanted because these fields are empty in a GEDMATCH kit.
To manage processing load on GEDMATCH’s servers, only the In-Common-With (ICW) indicators for your top 400 matches are provided by GEDMATCH, so you will only have ICW bricks in the ADSA report for your longer segments. You can manually determine ICWs for other matches by doing a one-to-many report for one of your matches and comparing their list of matches to yours.
Generally, there are a lot more segments in a GEDMATCH ADSA report than for Family Tree DNA. This tends to slow down the responsiveness of your browser when viewing the ADSA report. You may wish to increase the minimum segment size in ADSA to 10 cM(Centimorgans)
The GEDMATCH tools that are used to gather the data for DNAgedcom exclude very close relatives (eg. siblings, parents, children) to improve processing performance, so you will not see them as matches on your ADSA report for GEDMATCH kits.
The X chromosome matches are not presently included in GEDMATCH kits.
To get started, follow these steps.
If you haven’t already done so, go to www.DNAgedcom.com and click on “Register”:
Register for a free account at DNAgedcom.com:
Logon to DNAgedcom.com with your new username and password:
Prepare to upload your GEDMATCH data to DNAgedcom.com:
You will see a screen with a large, square text input box. Do not enter anything here yet.
Leaving the window above open, create a new browser window or tab and go to the www.gedmatch.com and
. Click on “Matching Segment Search” in the Tier 1 tools menu near the bottom of the screen:
Enter your kit number and click “No” on the graphic bar (very important!) and click “Submit”:
Now wait for the report to finish – it will probably take a few minutes. When it is complete it will look something like this:
Select everything on the screen and copy it to the clipboard. In
you can do this using
followed by ctrl-c. On a
you can use command-a and command-c. You may have to wait a little while for the copy to complete. There is a lot of data there to copy. (If you don’t wait long enough, when you paste the information into DNAgedcom you won’t get what you copied. You may see a
or spinning beach-ball while the copying is going on.
the copy process doesn’t take more than a minute or two.)
Go to the browser window you have open to DNAgedcom.com. Click
the square box and paste what you copied into it. On
you can use Ctrl-v or you can use command-v on a Mac.You should see a portion of what you copied like this:
Click the “Load” button. The load should complete in a few seconds.
Click the Clear button to erase the text-input box again and return to your GEDMATCH browser window. Return to the main GEDMATCH menu again.
Now click on the Triangulation tool.
Enter your GEDMATCH kit number and select the middle radio button (very important!) and click on the “Triangulate” button:
Wait for the report to complete. The Triangulation report may take longer than the Matching Segment Report depending on how many In-Common-With matches you have and the current load on GEDMATCH’s servers. When it finishes there will be 4 rows of asterisks on the screen and the screen will look something like this:
Once again, select the entire page (ctrl-a or command-a) and copy it to the clipboard (ctrl-c or command-c). Wait for the copy to complete. Then switch back to your DNAgedcom browser window.
Make sure the text-input box in DNAgedcom is empty (use the Clear button if you need to) and then paste the Triangulation report into the box with ctrl-v or command-v. Then click on the Load button.
When the Load process completes the screen will refresh. You can now go to ADSA by selecting the Autosomal Tools menu and the Autosomal DNA Segment Analyzer option on that menu. Or you can go to this link: http://www.dnagedcom.com/adsa. You will see a screen like this:
Select your kit from the drop-down menu. GEDMATCH kits will start with a letter (A=Ancestry, F=FTDNA, M=23andMe etc.):
Click GET REPORT
If you have Ashkenazi ancestry or are part of an endogamous (interrelated) group you may not be able to generate a report with the default input parameters. Please consult the Tips for People with Ashkenazi Ancestry page before clicking GET REPORT.
For more information about this process, how to interpret your results, or troubleshooting, read the full ADSA manual.
A team of scientists from Germany, the United States and Russia, including Dr. Mark Borodovsky, a Chair of the Department of Bioinformatics at MIPT, have proposed an algorithm to automate the process of searching for genes, making it more efficient. The new development combines the advantages of the most advanced tools for working with genomic data. The new method will enable scientists to analyse DNA sequences faster and more accurately and identify the full set of genes in a genome.
Although the paper describing the algorithm only appeared recently in the journal Bioinformatics, which is published by Oxford Journals, the proposed method has already proven to be very popular—the computer software program has been downloaded by more than 1500 different centres and laboratories worldwide. Tests of the algorithm have shown that it is considerably more accurate than other similar algorithms.
The development involves applications of the cross-disciplinary field of bioinformatics. Bioinformatics combines mathematics, statistics and computer science to study biological molecules, such as DNA, RNA and protein structures. DNA, which is fundamentally an information molecule, is even sometimes depicted in computerized form (see Fig. 1) in order to emphasize its role as a molecule of biological memory. Bioinformatics is a very topical subject; every new sequenced genome raises so many additional questions that scientists simply do not have time to answer them all. So automating processes is key to the success of any bioinformatics project, and these algorithms are essential for solving a wide variety of problems.
One of the most important areas of bioinformatics is annotating genomes – determining which particular DNA molecules are used to synthesize RNA and proteins (see Fig. 2). These parts – genes – are of great scientific interest. The fact is that in many studies, scientists do not need information about the entire genome (which is around 2 metres long for a single human cell), but about its most informative part – genes. Gene sections are identified by searching for similarities between sequence fragments and known genes, or by detecting consistent patterns of the nucleotide sequence. This process is carried out using predictive algorithms.
Locating gene sections is no easy task, especially in eukaryotic organisms, which includes almost all widely known types of organism, except for bacteria. This is due to the fact that in these cells, the transfer of genetic information is complicated by “gaps” in the coding regions (introns) and because there are no definite indicators to determine whether a region is a coding region or not.
The algorithm proposed by the scientists determines which regions in the DNA are genes and which are not. The scientists used a Markov chain, which is a sequence of random events, the future of which is dependent on past events. The states of the chain in this case are either nucleotides or nucleotide words (k-mers). The algorithm determines the most probable division of a genome into coding and noncoding regions, classifying the genomic fragments in the best possible way according to their ability to encode proteins or RNA. Experimental data obtained from RNA give additional useful information which can be used to train the model used in the algorithm. Certain gene prediction programs can use this data to improve the accuracy of finding genes. However, these algorithms require type-specific training of the model. For the AUGUSTUS software program, for example, which has a high level of accuracy, a training set of genes is needed. This set can be obtained using another program – GeneMark-ET – which is a self-training algorithm. These two algorithms were combined in the BRAKER1 algorithm, which was proposed jointly by the developers of AUGUSTUS and GeneMark-ET.
BRAKER1 has demonstrated a high level of efficiency. The developed program has already been downloaded by more than 1500 different centres and laboratories. Tests of the algorithm have shown that it is considerably more accurate than other similar algorithms. The example running time of BRAKER1 on a single processor is ∼17.5 hours for training and the prediction of genes in a genome with a length of 120 megabases. This is a good result, considering that this time may be significantly reduced by using parallel processors, and this means that in the future, the algorithm might function even faster and generally more efficiently.
Tools such as these solve a variety of problems. Accurately annotating genes in a genome is extremely important – an example of this is the global 1000 Genomes Project, the initial results of which have already been published. Launched in 2008, the project involves researchers from 75 different laboratories and companies. Sequences of rare gene variants and gene substitutions were discovered, some of which can cause disease. When diagnosing genetic diseases, it is very important to know which substitutions in gene sections cause the disease to develop. The project mapped genomes of different people , noting their coding sections, and rare nucleotide substitutions were identified. In the future, this will help doctors to diagnose complex diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
BRAKER1 enables scientists to work effectively with the genomes of new organisms, speeding up the process of annotating genomes and acquiring essential knowledge about life sciences.
Nobody can predict which database is going to have your best matches because it is somewhat a matter of chance of who tests where. Not all of your relatives or potential relatives are going to test at the same company. Also, the algorithms (mathematical formula) is not the same for each testing company.
The big 3 companies at the moment are Ancestry.com, 23andMe, and FTDNA. In Europe, it is GPS and Living DNA. You can test with the later if you have European roots.
I would highly recommend uploading your data to the free site www.gedmatch.com which acts as a central site for intercompany compares. Since it is on a volunteer basis, it only has some of the results from each company, but it does tend to attract the most interested researchers, and therefore should have a good response rate if you attempt contact. You can upgrade to Tier 1 for advanced data manipulations for $10.00 per month.
Once you get uploaded, try the one-to-many lookup. You can see the original source of a contributor by the first letter of his kit code. (A=ancestry, M=23andme, T=FTDNA).
Pharmaceutical Companies are not liking this at all.
Purchasers of 23andMe (http://www.23andMe.com) Health + Ancestry DNA test now have access to genetic health risk reports for conditions including late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson disease, Celiac disease and seven others.
This is a big step, if incremental, step forward for the company. Its DNA service initially provided ancestry information and genetic risk reports on about 250 conditions. In 2013, the FDA ordered 23andMe to stop providing health-related information to US customers because the company hadn’t proven its test were analytically or clinically validated.
The new reports calculate genetic risk based on the presence (or absence) of specific markers in a person’s DNA. To obtain FDA authorization for them, 23andMe conducted “extensive validation studies for accuracy and user comprehensive that met FDA standards,” according to its announcement. FDA considered evidence tying each condition with relevant genetic markers in customers’ DNA.
Take a look at the new 23andMe reports at (http://www.blog.23andme.com/health-traits/learn-23andme-new-genetic-health-risk-reports)
We believe genetics and the study of disease should be for everyone.
All ethnicities. All people.
Help drive research forward for African Americans.
Questions: contact study-help@23andMe.com
Why your help is so important.
Less than 5% of research on the genetics of disease includes people of African ancestry. If people with diverse ancestries continue to be underrepresented in genetics research, then we risk missing key medical and other scientific discoveries that could benefit everyone.
If you participate in the African American Sequencing Project, you could help address this disparity. By sharing your genetic data with the scientific community, you can shape the future of genetics research to include people of African descent.
Popejoy, A. B. & Fullerton, S. M. Nature 538, 161-164 (2016).
See if you’re eligible
To be eligible for this study you must be a 23andMe customer, have consented to 23andMe Research, self identify as African or African American and be at least 18 years old.
How it works
There is no cost to participate.
About this project
In October 2016, 23andMe was awarded a grant by the National Human Genome Research Institute, a major research arm of the National Institutes of Health, to fund the African American Sequencing Project.
This project is part of our broad commitment to diversity in genetics research. Learn more about 23andMe’s Roots into the Future Project.
Privacy and Security
We do not share your genetic information without your explicit authorization. Only you can decide if you would like to participate in this project by authorizing 23andMe to share your information with outside researchers.
Even though you previously consented to participate in 23andMe Research, you will need to read and accept additional consents to participate in this study.
What does it mean to be a research participant in this project?
Why is 23andMe conducting the African American Sequencing Project?
Will you share my genetic data with third parties?
Do I need to provide a new saliva sample to 23andMe?
How will you protect the confidentiality of my data?
What is whole genome sequencing? How is this process different from genotyping, the process previously used by 23andMe to analyze the DNA in my saliva sample?
How do you select participants for this study?
Will I have access to my sequenced data?
What am I agreeing to if I accept the consent documents for this project?