For those of you wishing to take advantage of holiday bargains to further your research, there are a number of companies are offering products at reduced prices for Thanksgiving/”Black Friday” holiday.
FindMyPast DNA Black Friday Sale – DNA kits $59 each plus 14 days of free access to Findmypast’s entire archive of more than 9 billion records and historical newspapers. Offer ends midnight (GMT) Monday, Nov. 26th
Source: Exploring Life Mysteries access November 16, 2018
Note: To sustain this free service to you the reader, Exploring Life Mysteries the author offers the following notification, we receive affiliate commissions via some of our links. This doesn’t affect rankings. Our review process.
African American Genealogy DNA does not receive commissions via any link and does not favor any DNA testing company over another. We offer the information to help you make an informed decision.
Can a little spit really tell you that you’ve got some Albert Einstein in your DNA or that your ancestors migrated from the Middle East 2,000 years ago?
Surely, you’ve heard about the craze over at-home DNA tests. Interested in digging deeper into your family heritage? Want to know what test to take? DNA testing is easier and more affordable than you might think and can lead to amazing revelations about who you are.
What Can I Learn From A DNA Test?
We often get asked which test is best for revealing what type of information. Every DNA testing company has its own unique strengths and thus the results are better for certain types of data.
DNA Ancestry Test
When you hear about your friend doing a DNA test at home, there is a good chance that they are talking about an ancestry test. DNA testing for ancestry is growing in popularity as more and more people want to know about their family history. A DNA ethnicity test can help you discover your ethnic origins from around the world. DNA testing for genealogy can help you identify your ancestors and living relatives (from a parent to distant cousins). An ancestral DNA test may also inspire you to dig in deeper to your family tree with genealogical research.
DNA Paternity Test
Historically one of the more common types of DNA tests, a paternity test determines the biological link between a father and child. There’s even a non-invasive prenatal paternity test available now. Read our Paternity Test Comparison for the scoop.
DNA Health Testing
At-home DNA testing for most medical and health-related purposes is still in its infancy, but scientists are making advances every day. Always consult your physician before doing one of these types of tests and ask lots of questions.
Genetic Testing For Cancer Risk
Some people have a higher risk of developing specific types of cancers that tend to run in the family. In these cases, a physician may test your DNA to look for gene mutations that could indicate a higher risk. One of the better-known examples is testing for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes (breast cancer genes) in women whose mother and sister have had breast cancer.
Genetic Testing For Carrier Status
Want to start a family, but you’re worried you may pass on an unwanted risk to your child? Some DNA tests can tell you if you’re a carrier for certain inherited conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia or hereditary hearing loss. A positive match doesn’t mean your child will inherit the condition; it just lets you know whether you carry the gene.
Not all DNA tests are the same. A carrier status DNA test, for example, focuses on the specific markers known to be associated with certain inherited conditions. On the other hand, DNA genealogy tests focus on specific markers related to our ancestry.
The cost varies by the company and the type of kit you choose but most range from $39 to $300+ and some offer free shipping. (Prenatal paternity tests can be $1,000 or more). After the one-time fee to have your DNA analyzed, you have access to your DNA records forever without paying a monthly fee.
The prices of the tests vary greatly because of the different features each offers. For example, some test for more than one type of DNA, which means the test may be more accurate or detailed than others.
The cost of DNA tests is the same regardless of where you live. So that means that someone in the United States pays the same as someone in Nigeria for the same test.
Often our top-ranked ancestry DNA companies (see below) will offer special discounts and promotions, and we do our best to keep this page updated when those sales happen. You can find these coupons in the review sections below for each specific company.
Advanced Genealogical Research & Identifying Relatives
Disease Risk Screening & General Ancestry
Ancient African Ancestry
Early Migratory Patterns
Adding DNA to Your Online Family Tree
Ethnic Geographical Regions
How Does At-Home DNA Testing Work?
Step 1: Order Your Kit
Order your kit online from anywhere in the world (see below for our top picks). It takes about a week to receive the kit. The package should arrive sealed so you are certain it has not been tampered with.
Step 2: Set Up Your Online Profile
You’ll need to activate your kit online using a unique code provided to you. This connects your name and contact details to your sample so you can track progress as it’s tested and later view results. You’ll most likely sign a consent form and agree to the company’s legal terms and conditions before getting started.
Step 3: Provide A DNA Sample
Now for the fun part — providing your DNA sample! Most tests offer cheek swab tests. AncestryDNA, 23andMe and NatGeo Geno 2.0 tests require you to spit in a vial.
Either way, they recommend not eating, drinking, smoking, chewing gum or teeth brushing at least one hour before to ensure a good sample. Also wash your hands before opening the test tubes to ensure a clean sample.
Step 4: Seal & Ship Your Sample
Once your samples are complete and ready to go, seal the samples in the specimen bag, place them in the provided mailing envelope, and drop the it in your mailbox for delivery. Don’t forget to make sure your unique ID is on each sample so the labs have a way to track it back to your profile.
Step 5: Wait For Analysis
In an age where we can get most things instantly, you might be anxious to get results right away. But, how long does a DNA test take to come back? Given the complexity of the process of analyzing your DNA and comparing your results to other samples, expect to wait anywhere from 4-10 weeks depending on the company.
Step 6: View & Share Your Results
To access your results, sign in to the online portal using the login you created when you activated your kit (results will not be mailed to you for privacy reasons). Once logged in, you can view and analyze your DNA in more detail using the provided percentages, maps and more depending on which kit you chose.
2018 Best DNA Test Winners
We chose our best DNA test for 2018 based on a number of factors, including the types of tests they offer, DNA database size, the extent of ancestry information you can find from each test, cost, genealogy research tools and more. If you need to brush up on DNA and ancestry-related terms, jump to our DNA terminology section.
Designed for the iPad and iPhone, the Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms features more than 250 common genetic terms pronounced and explained in an easy-to-understand way by leading scientists and professionals at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI).
Each term has a short written definition. Each term features the voice of an expert spontaneously explaining the term in their own words, typically in less than a minute – with no reading allowed. Together these two explanations help non-scientists better understand common genetic terms found in grade school textbooks, news stories and movies, and through interactions with medical professionals.
All terms are pronounced even if they are as simple as “gene.” Nearly all have expertly crafted color illustrations. Many have exciting 3D animations including common terms such as gene, chromosome, nucleus, mitochondria, golgi body, cell, ACGT and more.
The “Test Your Gene IQ” quiz automatically serves up a definition and asks you to choose the correct term name from a list. This ten-question quiz is random and never the same, and is a fun way to challenge your friends or prepare for a classroom quiz.
-Created and voiced by experts in the field at the NIH (NHGRI).
-Enhanced high-quality “3D animations’ for many terms.
-More than 100 expert color illustrations by the same illustrator.
-Easily search, or browse alphabetically, for genetic terms.
-Terms chosen are from 7th – 12th grade biology texts, commonly heard in the media, or used by medical professionals.
-“Share a Term With a Friend”, or “Suggest a Term” functions.
-Take a random 10-question quiz for fun, or as a learning tool.
-All terms are pronounced, no matter how basic the term.
In recent years, a growing number of archives, databases, and collections that organize and make sense of records of enslavement have become freely and readily accessible for scholarly and public consumption. This proliferation of projects and databases presents a number of challenges:
Disambiguating and merging individuals across multiple datasets is nearly impossible given their current, siloed nature;
Searching, browsing, and quantitative analysis across projects is extremely difficult;
It is often difficult to find projects and databases;
There are no best practices for digital data creation;
Many projects and datasets are in danger of going offline and disappearing.
In response to these challenges, Matrix: The Center for Digital Humanities & Social Sciences at Michigan State University, in partnership with the MSU Department of History and scholars at multiple institutions, has begun work on Enslaved: People of the Historic Slave Trade, a constellation of software and services built to address these challenges. Enslaved’s primary focus is people—individuals who were enslaved, owned slaves, or participated in slave trading.
In March 2019, Michigan State will host an international conference, “Enslaved: Peoples of the Historic Slave Trade.” For more information, see our Call for Papers below! Enslaved: Peoples of the Historic Slave Trade Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan…
Ten Helpful Tools For Teaching DNA or understanding DNA
Whether you are teaching genetics or learning genetics for the first, or the umpteenth time, our list of Ten Helpful Tools offers new ideas and techniques that will pep your understanding of DNA. Several image sources, interactive tools, and activities you will not want to miss!
Source: African Royal DNA Project, access 7/9/2018
WE ARE ONE FAMILY OF PEOPLE, DO NOT GET TRAPPED INTO THE CONSTRUCT OF DIVISION AND ETHNICITY.
I have have been asked to explain a few details again so all new members/subscribers can learn and receive the tools needed to dig deeper. So here we go.
We know that many of us have taken the autosomal DNA test at FTDNA.com , 23andme.com , Ancestry.com or MyHeritage.com or other Autosomal DNA testing companies. We are waiting patiently for that breakthrough of finding our Africa Born DNA matches. We are hoping that the matches can tell us the ethnic group(s), family names, kingdoms and cultures from which they hail.
Regarding Africans Americans and other Africans that have been in the Diaspora for hundreds of years. We have a different and new story to tell. Our Ancestors passed DNA down to us. African Descendants in the Diaspora, NEVER feel that you have to select ONLY ONE of your ethnic groups and stick with that one. Explore ALL of your ancestry.
Our people were scattered and so was their DNA . We are an amalgamation of their struggles and their success . We are here because of them! African Descendants in America whose ancestors have been here for hundreds of years are of multiple African ethnic groups.
Don’t allow anyone to tell you otherwise . We are one from MANY !! Even on the continent of Africa , many groups intermarried . We know the so called ethnic group is a social construct but on a realistic level, they are family groups that can trace their lineage back for generations.Do the research yourself and ignore the “social media” scholars or anyone that has not sat down with African Elders and Royals to learn their family history. Avoid TRIBALISM at all costs. Tribalism is the belief that one ethnic group is better than all others and they are more superior. No ethnic group or culture is better than the other. We are ONE HUGE FAMILY. This is OURSTORY…
One confusing factor is ONLY testing with companies that tell you the results of one line. That is OK to do. I did it in 2008 . Each generation that you go back, your ancestors double. We have 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 8 great grandparents and so on . Each of them could be of a different African ethnic group !!
So In addition to testing that one line, If you can afford it , Take an Autosomal DNA test and research your actual DNA matches (REAL people that you can communicate with) . The Autosomal DNA test costs between $79-$99 at 23andme.com , Ancestry.com or MyHeritage.com . You may find some African matches from various ethnic groups. You may find many matches from around the world. Keep digging . We are more than one African ethnic group.
The chart below gives an idea of about how many ancestors you have going back 10 generations. They may have come from different ethnic groups.
RESEARCH EACH WEBSITE AND THEIR TERMS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE USING.
We are not going to lie to you. We all know that there is NO GUARANTEE that you will find an Africa DNA match. Some of us have found several matches and have reconnected with our families.
Here are some ways to widen the net though. These helpful options are steps that I have taken myself. They have proven to be very helpful especially since many people have DNA tested at one company and have elected NOT to test at another.
There is a place where your DNA raw data can go and meet up with other people’s DNA raw data that tested at different DNA testing companies. We can all chillax and do this for for FREE!! OK.. Let me clarify…. Its like a meet up for ya DNA raw data.
The goal is to upload your DNA raw data to the websites that you have not tested or to the sites like Gedmatch.com to help you compare shared segments on Chromosomes between you and others that have also uploaded.
AS ALWAYS ~~ RESEARCH THESE WEBSITES AND READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE UPLOADING TO THEM.
1. Log in to the company that you took the autosomal DNA test with. This is the test that analyzes about 98% of your DNA that is from your mother’s and your father’s side of your family. FTDNA.com , 23andme.com , Ancestry.com or MyHeritage.com and go to DNA raw data.
2. Download the DNA raw data.
3. Rename the file to the name of the person that tested. This is VERY important!! Especially if you have more that one that you will download and it is coming from more than one company. Make each file name unique. I usually add the name and company tested on the end (examples AncestryDNA_AdaEze.zip or 23andme_AdaEze.Zip )
4. Save the file in a back up location because you will need it a few more times
5. Go to Gedmatch.com for FREE (register if you do not have an account)
6. Upload the DNA raw data to Gedmatch.com . If you have issues uploading , no worries, go to step 7.
7. EVERYONE should follow this step. Go to Genesis.Gedmatch.com . Sign in with the same username and password that you created for your Gedmatch.com account. (This site has a BETTER DNA matching system and This is extremely important if you want to see if you match any of the African Royals of our African Royal DNA Project)
8. Upload the DNA raw there as well.
10. Go to FTDNA.com for FREE (register if you do not have an account)
25. Upload your DNA raw data there to see health details and/or Population Calculations
Join us on Facebook . Click here or the image below, select Join and answer the required questions .
AFRICAN ROYAL DNA PROJECT
We have Autosomal DNA tested several African Royals born in Ghana, Cameroon, Nigeria, Cote D’ivoire and Benin via Ancestry.com. I have uploaded their DNA raw data to Genesis.Gedmatch.com, Gedmatch.com, FTDNA.com and MyHeriatge.com for FREE. If you have ALREADY taken the Autosomal DNA test and have uploaded your DNA raw data to Genesis.gedmatch,com , you can check to see if you match any of them. Click the image below for details about the African Royal DNA Project. Click the image below.