Skin color and ‘race’: Genetics reveal complicated relationship
For much of recorded history, skin color has been loaded with powerful social meaning. Skin color plays a major part in how we define race. It also plays a significant role in racism. New studies of the genetics of skin color, though, have begun to shed light on how wrong those assumptions about the relationship between race and skin color really are.
In a new study of indigenous southern African people published … in the journal Cell, researchers … report that the number of genes involved in skin pigmentation increase in number—and therefore also complexity—the closer they reside to the equator.
[C]olor lines are, in essence, meaningless. Our skin color is the result of many, many different genes which work together in different combinations to produce different colors of skin. Many of those genes are shared across racial, cultural, and geographic boundaries.
These new studies of skin color also suggest a second theme: In genetics, the vast majority of data has been gathered from Northern Eurasian populations, and that in turn has created a biased and incomplete portrait of how the genetics of things like skin color really work.
[Editor’s note: Read full study
Read full, original post: How the Genetics of Skin Color Challenges Antiquated Ideas About Race
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- A VISUALISATION SYSTEM Network Analysis pictures can be used to understand complex systems.
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The Genealogical Institute on Federal Records has announced its 2018 list of lecturers and topics for the week-long course to be held at the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and College Park, Maryland, from July 16–20, 2018. Among those presenting are NARA staff members (current and retired), and expert genealogists, researchers, and historians from a variety of backgrounds. The Innovation Hub at NARA-DC, on Pennsylvania Avenue, located within the Robert M. Warner Research Center on the first floor, offers proximity to archivists and records and serves as the institute’s home base.
Records from all three branches of governments will be studied during the institute—legislative, executive, and judicial. The program’s opening day immerses attendees in multiple strategies for on-site and remote research with lectures focused on solving genealogical problems scheduled later in the week. Informal access to reference archivists, a hallmark of the institute, has been expanded.
Although NARA is now closed on Saturdays, longer hours on Monday through Friday result in more time for research during the week. An orientation to genealogical research at the Library of Congress on Monday evening prepares attendees to take advantage of LC evening hours throughout the week. On Saturday, July 21, participants may attend an orientation at the Daughters of the America Revolution (DAR) Library and spend a full day exploring one of the top genealogical libraries in the country.
Online registration for the 2018 Genealogical Institute on Federal Records will open on Saturday, February 24, at 1:00 PM EST. Details on registration will be released on Thursday, February 15th. For more information on the institute and its history, visit www.gen-fed.org.
A Federal Family Tree and Finding Your Way in Federal Records
—Malissa Ruffner, JD, CG, Director, Gen-Fed
Retrieval Workshop: Getting the Pull Slips Right
—Debra A. Hoffman, Assistant Director, Gen-Fed
Using the National Archives Catalog for Genealogical Research
—Suzanne Isaacs and Meredith Doviak, NARA
NARA’s Records, Coast to Coast
—Trevor Plante, NARA
Introduction to Local History and Genealogy, Main Reading Room, Library of Congress (LC) (at LC)
— James Sweany, MSLS
Basic Military Records and Pension Records
—Jonathan Webb Deiss, Military Research Specialist, soldiersource.com
Immigration & Nationality: Beyond the Basic Documents, Part I and Part II
—Marian Smith, Historian, United States Customs and Immigration Service (USCIS)
Mining Land Entry Records for Family History and Reward for Service: Bounty Land Records
—Angela McGhie, CG, genealogist, lecturer, blogger, and course coordinator of courses at Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy (SLIG) and Institute of Genealogy and Historical Research (IGHR)
Blasting Brick Walls with Legislative Records and Unique Map Holdings of NARA
— Rick Sayre, CG, CGL, FUGA, genealogist, course coordinator at SLIG and Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh (GRIP)
State Department Correspondence Case Study
—Kenneth W. Heger, PhD, NARA (retired)
Using Federal Records to Explore Native American Ancestry
—Angela Walton-Raji, genealogist, author, founding member of AfriGeneas.com and the Midwest African-American Genealogy Institute (MAGGI)
Overcoming African American Research Challenges with Federal Records
—LaBrenda Garrett-Nelson, JD, LLM, CG, genealogist, author of A Guide to Researching African American Ancestors in Laurens County, South Carolina, and course coordinator at SLIG (2019)
Court Records: Making a Federal Case Out of It and Spread the Word: More Family in Federal Records
—Judy G. Russell, JD, CG, CGL ,“The Legal Genealogist”
Introduction to the Daughters of the America Revolution (DAR) Library (at DAR)
—Darryn Lickliter, MLIS
CG and CGL are proprietary marks of the Board for Certification of Genealogists®, used under license by board certificants after periodic evaluation.
Manumission Records of Slaves in Jamaica
Resource: Genealogia Nuestra – Our Ancestors access 2/11/2018
One of the terms that many of us that descend from enslaved ancestors know is the word manumission. Manumission is the term used when referencing the freedom of those that were enslaved. The term is used when individuals managed to attain their freedom, whether through the slaveholder freeing them or through the enslaved person purchasing their freedom or a family member do thing for them.
While many of us would like to find these records, it isn’t an easy task. It becomes harder for those of us who have ancestors that come from the Caribbean. Many records have been destroyed or lost due to fire, hurricanes, the humidity, and the insects that enjoy eating through the records.
Many times when books were found to be in poor condition, they would wind up being burned as trash. Preservation is not a priority when many face struggles in feeding their families and maintaining homes.
While records are disappearing, many have taken on the mission of preserving these records, which helps many in the genealogy world discover records that were not previously available to them. Many of these preservation projects are taken on via grants through universities around the globe.
- Port Royal
- St. Andrew
- St. Ann
- St. Catherine
- St. David
- St. Dorothy
- St. Elizabeth
- St. George
- St. James
- St. Mary
- St. Thomas in the East
- St. Thomas in the Vale
The volumes are as follows and if browsing from a computer, they will open in a new tab:
Volume 6 – 384 Images
Volume 7 – 358 Images
Volume 8 – 219 Images
Volume 9 – 365 Images
Volume 10 – 363 Images
Volume 11 – 427 Images
Volume 12 – 470 Images
|Emancipation Park, Kingston, Jamaica|
Access Black ProGen 1/31/2018: www.blackprogen.com
Published: Jan. 9, 2018
MSU USES $1.5M MELLON FOUNDATION GRANT TO BUILD MASSIVE SLAVE TRADE DATABASE
Contact(s): Andy Henion, Dean Rehberger, Walter Hawthorne, Ethan Watrall, Rebecca Jensen
Michigan State University, supported by nearly $1.5 million from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, will create a unique online data hub that will change the way scholars and the public understand African slavery.
By linking data collections from multiple universities, the website will allow people to search millions of pieces of slave data to identify enslaved individuals and their descendants from a central source. Users can also run analyses of enslaved populations and create maps, charts and graphics.
The project, called “Enslaved: The People of the Historic Slave Trade,” is funded by a $1.47 million grant from the Mellon Foundation.
“’Enslaved’ brings new digital tools and analytical approaches to the study of African slavery and the Atlantic slave trade,” said project co-investigator Walter Hawthorne, professor and chair of MSU’s Department of History. “By linking data compiled by some of the world’s foremost historians, it will allow scholars and the public to learn about individuals’ lives and to draw new, broad conclusions about processes that had an indelible impact on the world.”
Dean Rehberger, director of Matrix: The Center for Digital Humanities and Social Sciences at MSU, will lead the project along with Hawthorne and Ethan Watrall, associate director of Matrix and assistant professor of anthropology.
This project, which will take 18 months, is the first phase of a multi-phase plan. In phase one, MSU and partners will develop a proof-of-concept to show data can be linked across eight well-established online databases, including the collection at MSU’s Matrix.
In addition to Matrix – one of the premier digital humanities centers – MSU has the top-ranked African history graduate program in the nation, according to U.S. News & World Report.
“’Enslaved’ reaffirms Michigan State University’s longstanding commitment to Africa-centered research,” Watrall said, “and to creating tools and digital experiences that engage researchers, students and the public in critical questions about our collective past, culture and heritage.”
The partner projects in phase one are “African Origins and Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database” led by David Eltis, professor emeritus, Emory University, and Paul Lachance; “The Slave Societies Digital Archive” led by Jane Landers, Vanderbilt University; “Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography” and “Dictionary of African Biography and African American National Biography” led by Henry Louis Gates Jr., Steven Niven and Abby Wolf, Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University; “Freedom Narratives” led by Paul Lovejoy, York University; “Legacies of British Slave-Ownership” led by Keith McClelland, University College, London; and “The Liberated Africans Project” led by Henry Lovejoy, University of Colorado Boulder; and “Slave Biographies” led by Daryle Williams, University of Maryland.
The funding follows a $19,450 Mellon grant for project planning.
“We and our partners value the support of the Mellon Foundation,” Rehberger said. “In bringing together data from a number of highly successful projects, we have the opportunity from many small threads of data to weave together lives of enslaved individuals once thought lost to history.”