CELL, ORGANELLES AND DNA RESOURCES

CELL, ORGANELLES, & DNA RESOURCES FOR TEACHERS, GENETIC GENEALOGIST AND YOU

Resource: Unlockinglifecode.org access 1/2018

1 | Cell
2 | Nucleus
3 | Golgi Body
4 | Mitochondrion
5 | Lysosome
6 | Centriole
7 | Ribosome
8 | Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
9 | Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
10 | Cytoplasm
11 | Nucleopore
12 | Chromosome
13 | Gene
14 | DNA
15 | Base Pair
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What I Learn About My Ancient Ancestry (Geno 2 Project)

Here is what I learned about my ancient ancestry:

I AM

Neanderthal Man

0.7%

NEANDERTHAL

Modern Man

As humans were first migrating out of Africa more than 60,000 years ago, Neanderthals were still living in Eurasia. It seems our ancestors hit it off, leaving a small trace of these ancient relatives in my DNA.

I AM

  • 79% Western Africa

  • 5% Northwestern Europe

  • 4% Eastern Africa

  • 4% West Mediterranean

  • 3% Northeastern Europe

  • 3% Eastern Europe

MY MAP

MY MATERNAL LINEAGE BEGAN ABOUT 150,000 YEARS AGO.

My maternal ancestors spread from east-central Africa to northwestern Africa at a time when the climate and landscape were more hospitable. They settled from the central-West African coast to North Africa. In the north, my cousins are now part of populations such as the Berber peoples. The Berbers are traditionally livestock herders. Toward west-central Africa, I have cousins among traditional farming groups.

My maternal branch is L2a1a2

Maternal Map

MY PATERNAL LINEAGE BEGAN AT LEAST 180,000 YEARS AGO.

My paternal ancestors spread from Central Africa to West Africa. My cousins include the Bantu-speaking people. The Bantu had an advanced farming culture, and were the first people in sub-Saharan Africa to work iron. Later expansions to the east and south introduced agriculture across Africa and spread the Bantu languages throughout the continent.

My paternal branch is E-U186

Paternal Map

That’s my story. What’s your story?

YFull Tree DNA SNP Search for your Haplogroup

YFull Tree – Y-SNP Search for Your Haplogroup

The various DNA testing companies often use different versions of the Y-chromosome tree. Even though you have tested onto the same branch at multiple companies, that branch may be named differently at each. This can make it hard to Google for resources about your haplogroup.

YFull maintains one of the three versions of the paternal, Y-chromosome, tree of human kind. The names used for haplogroups, tree branches, on their tree are usually in common use in the genetic genealogy community. Therefore, when looking for resources for your haplogroup, it is useful to be able to change to the haplogroup used by Yfull. This tutorial shows how to find your current haplogroup on the YFull tree.

Vocabulary

Binary Polymorphism – A genetic change with two possible states. That is positive or negative — derived or ancestral. Most binary polymorphisms on the 2017 tree are Y-SNPs. For simplicity, I usually refer to all types of binary polymorphisms as variants.
Haplogroup – A branch on the Y-chromosome Tree defined by one or more binary polymorphism.
Y-chromosome – The human male sex chromosome. It is passed from a father to his sons each generation with only small random changes.
Y-DNA – The DNA contained on the Y-chromosome.
Y-SNP – This is a genetic change of exactly one base pair to another value, A changes to C. This is a type of binary polymorphism.
YFull
– A 3rd party site for Y-DNA results.

How To

Before you start, you should have your haplogroup from one of the Y-DNA testing companies.

Step 1

Go to the YFull tree page, https://yfull.com/tree/.

Step 2

On the top right of the page, click on the Search button.

Step 3

Put the Y-SNP from your haplogroup in the SNP name field. Then click the Search button. In the example, I am searching for the I-P109 haplogroup. The name of the Y-SNP is the information to the right of the dash, so in this case it is P109.

Step 4

In the search results, look for the name of the haplogroup in green on the right. That is the name for your haplogroup on the YFull tree. In the example, the YFull tree haplogroup is I-P109.

Step 5

Click on the haplogroup name to open the YFull tree to it.

What are your thoughts? Join the conversation.
Y-DNA – Applied Genealogy & Paternal Origins

Geno 2 Video on DNA

https://player.theplatform.com/p/ngs/genogeno-embed-playergeno-embed-playerembed-player/select/media/KMhGi9j4V_s0?feedParams=byGuid%3D00000144-b6e8-d540-a5d6-ffe90c5b0000&autoPlay=true&t=1

Y DNA Tree of Mankind Paternal Lineages

 

The benefits of using the Y chromosome in genetic genealogy are often not well understood. Please consider that with Big Y and Y111 and in the future, Y500, this has all changed. Y DNA is a powerful, reliable family lineage tracker, from genealogy to the ancient. Since every woman has a father the Y can track up to half of all lineages. It also has a nice affinity to surnames, land and other legal records.
Y DNA is extremely high resolution and useful in the genealogical timeframe. At the same time it does not wash out like autosomal DNA so Y DNA can break through genealogical brick walls.|
PDF is at https://tinyurl.com/Giant-Tree-Mankind

Resource: Mike Wadna Y DNA Administrator-Facebook.com access 1/10/2018

 

 

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/51016.John_Henrik_Clarke

John Henrik ClarkeJohn Henrik Clarke > Quotes

 

John Henrik Clarke quotes – These are some of my favorite quotes

“Powerful people cannot afford to educate the people that they oppress, because once you are truly educated, you will not ask for power. You will take it.”
https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/51016.John_Henrik_Clarke

 

“Whoever is in control of the hell in your life, is your devil.”

“Racists will always call you a racist when you identify their racism. To love yourself now – is a form of racism. We are the only people who are criticized for loving ourselves. and white people think when you love yourself you hate them. No, when I love myself they become irrelevant to me.”
“Powerful people can not afford to educate the people they oppress… because once you are truly educated, you will not ASK for power you will TAKE it.”
“History is not everything, but it is a starting point. History is a clock that people use to tell their political and cultural time of day. It is a compass they use to find themselves on the map of human geography. It tells them where they are, but more importantly, what they must be.”
“I only debate my equals. All others, I teach.” The best of all.

Assistant Professor of African-American History – Georgia Southern Univeristy

New Position in African-American History at
Georgia Southern University

Assistant Professor of African-American History—Search #67479
College of Arts and Humanities/Department of History

The Department of History in the College of Arts and Humanities invites applications and nominations for the position of Assistant Professor of African-American History. This position will be located on the Statesboro campus.

In January 2017, the University System of Georgia Board of Regents voted to consolidate Armstrong State University and Georgia Southern University. The new, 27,000-student university will be named Georgia Southern University with campuses in Savannah, Statesboro, and Hinesville. The expected timeline for the first entering class will be fall 2018. Complete details are available at http://consolidation.georgiasouthern.edu/.

Within this setting, the Department of History offers Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees in history and a graduate certificate in Public History. The department has 38 faculty members with diverse fields of expertise. The average upper-division class size is 25 students, ensuring that students receive one-on-one attention and develop strong working relationships with faculty. The Assistant Professor of African-American History will contribute to the Department’s mission of teaching, research, and service in the classroom, the community, and the profession.

Position Description. Reporting to the department chair, the Assistant Professor of African-American History requires teaching, advisement, research, and service responsibilities. The successful candidate will regularly teach core courses in the history of the United States required of all Georgia Southern University students, courses required for the major, and a variety of upper-division courses in his or her field. In addition to pursuing an active research agenda, the successful candidate is expected to advise students and contribute to departmental governance. The position is an academic 10 month, tenure-track appointment, and the salary is competitive and commensurate with qualifications and experience.

Required Qualifications:
• Earned PhD in History with specialty in African-American history by August 1, 2018
• Ability to teach courses in African-American history in different chronological eras
• Ability to teach survey courses in the history of the United States, the undergraduate historical methods course, senior seminar, and graduate seminars
• Must be authorized to work in the United States for the duration of employment without assistance from the institution

Preferred Qualifications:
• College or university teaching experience (part-time experience is permissible)

Screening of applications begins January 19, 2018, and continues until the position is filled. The preferred position starting date is August 1, 2018. A complete application consists of a letter addressing the qualifications cited above; a curriculum vitae; an article-length writing sample, and three professional letters of recommendation. Other documentation may be requested. Only complete applications and applications submitted electronically will be considered. Finalists will be required to submit to a background investigation. Applications and nominations should be sent to:
Dr. Jonathan Bryant, Search Chair, Search #67479
Department of History
Georgia Southern University
P. O. Box 8054
Statesboro GA 30460-8054
Electronic mail: history@georgiasouthern.edu
Telephone: 912-478-4478

More information about the institution is available through http://www.georgiasouthern.edu Georgia Southern University seeks to recruit individuals who are committed to working in diverse academic and professional communities and who are committed to excellence in teaching, scholarship, and professional service within the University and beyond. The names of applicants and nominees, vitae, and other non-evaluative information may be subject to public inspection under the Georgia Open Records Act. Georgia Southern University is an Affirmative Action, Equal Opportunity institution. Individuals who need reasonable accommodations under the ADA to participate in the search process should contact the Vice Provost.

Red River Sankofa Historical Society

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What is Sankofa?

A symbol of understanding the past to plan for the future. (literal meaning: go back to fetch it)

Sankofa is part of traditional Akan wisdom and represents a cultural link between the living and the dead, the past and present and the present linked to the future. A bird looking backward so that its beak points to his tail represents Sankofa.

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About Red River Sankofa Historical Society

Red River Sankofa Historical Society seeks to enhance and promote awareness of the accomplishments and contributions of people of African descent as organic and essential components of larger communities within Northwest Louisiana & Northeast Texas. Red River Sankofa Historical Society will emphasize contributions to the cultural and historical landscape in this region by promoting scholarly research, providing resources for historical and genealogical studies, creating networks of individuals with similar interests, preserving African American burial grounds and assisting communities in these areas with documenting their histories. Red River Sankofa Historical Society will basically function as a non-profit historical data repository gathering and disseminating information related to Northwest Louisiana, organize cemetery restoration projects, raise funds, and coordinate with other organization with similar goals. We want to increase the awareness and historic value of these resting grounds and the historical context attached to them as a source of community pride. The goal is to encourage groups and individuals to help preserve these places as landmarks for future generations to appreciate. If you would like to contribute, please feel free to contact us at: info@redriversankofahs.org

George and Debra on the Great Day Houston.

“When an old person dies, it’s like a library burning down.” -Alex Haley

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